Architecture Terms Used Within the Site

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Not everyone is familiar with some of the vocabulary used within this website and hopefully these definitions will help you in the future. If you do know all of these terms then congratulations for being architecturally savvy!

Façade– The front of a building that looks onto a street or open space.

Cantilever– A long projecting beam or girder fixed at only one end, used in bridge construction.

The image above shows two examples of a Cantilever structure. The first example would be the Cantilever balcony; the second would be the Cantilever room coming off the side of the building. Cantilever structures are only supported by one side; protruding from the building.

Architecture Styles

Contemporary– Current; modern: contemporary trends in design. The term “contemporary history” has been in use at least by the early 19th century.

Victorian– The industrial period brought easier construction for buildings during 1840 – 1900s. This is allowed elaborate houses more affordable. Different types of Victorian styles were made: Italianate, Second Empire, Gothic, Queen Anne, Romanesque, and many others.

Bungalow– The name was taken from thatched huts found in Indian architecture. Bungalows contained elements of informality and comfortable living.

Post-War Houses- Soldiers returning from World War 2 brought a mass need to build houses. Huge zones of land were developed with simple houses that were easy to build. These houses can be found in any residential area within the USA. These houses can also be known as raised ranches. Below is an example.

Informational Source:

“Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus.” The Free Dictionary. Farlex, n.d. Web. 09 July 2012. <http://www.thefreedictionary.com/>.

“Contemporary History.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 07 May 2012. Web. 09 July 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Contemporary_history>.

“1945 – 1980s: Raised Ranch House Style.” About.com Architecture. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 July 2012. <http://architecture.about.com/od/periodsstyles/ig/House-Styles/Raised-Ranch-Style.htm>.

Image Sources:

“‘the Treehouse’ by Jackson Clements Burrows Architects.” ‘the Treehouse’ by Jackson Clements Burrows Architects. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 July 2012. <http://www.designboom.com/weblog/cat/9/view/3714/the-treehouse-by-jackson-clements-burrows-architects.html>.

“‘the Treehouse’ by Jackson Clements Burrows Architects.” ‘the Treehouse’ by Jackson Clements Burrows Architects. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 July 2012. <http://www.designboom.com/weblog/cat/9/view/3714/the-treehouse-by-jackson-clements-burrows-architects.html>.

“1945 – 1980s: Raised Ranch House Style.” About.com Architecture. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 July 2012. <http://architecture.about.com/od/periodsstyles/ig/House-Styles/Raised-Ranch-Style.htm>.

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