What Is The Difference Between Forging and Casting

June 22, 2020

 

If you’re in the business of requiring metal pieces for your business, then you may need to know the differences between forged and casted metals. Although the two can sometimes bring similar results, they’re extremely different in their procedure. No worries if you’re new to this though; the differences for forging vs. casting metals is relatively easy to understand.

 

What Is A Casted Metal?

 

Casted metal is created through the method of the metal being heated up until its molten hot. After the metal has been entered into a molten and liquid state, it can be poured into a mold so that the desired state of the final metal piece will be completed once the molten metal dries.

 

What Is Forged Metal?

 

Forging metal is a method that uses either thermal or mechanical energy to shape the metal after it’s already in a solid state. Obviously, this method differs greatly from the method of casting metal since the casting must be made into a liquid state.

 

Why Use Castings?

 

While both casted or forged metals can be used to reach a similar end process for the metal products, casted metals are easier to use if the final product is going to be extremely heavy. It can be simpler for heavy or onerous metals to be shaped this way since the forging process takes place when the metals are in a solid state and can sometimes be too dense to be completely moved to their desired location.

 

Casted metals can also mix in a large number of alloy metals. Since the metals are being melted down, these alloys can be added at any point in the molting process with ease.

 

Since casting is going to involve melting down the metals, it is also simpler for smaller amounts of metal to be used. This means that if it is  a limited amount of products going through the production line, they can still be worked on efficiently. The casting process can also require less expensive tools than the forging process, which can also help for creating smaller batches of final metals.

 

 

Why Use Forgings?

 

Sometimes forging the metal instead of casting it can create greater conformity in the metals than casting it does since the metal will retain its chemical makeup and it's only being adjusted in its solid state. Forged steel is also considered to be stronger than casted steel since the grain flows of the steel have been changed while remaining solid instead of simply being melted down and cooled again.

 

While the parts that are used in forging can be more expensive than the ones needed for casting, forged metal products can cost less than the products made from casting because expensive alloys are not needed to be mixed into the metal for it to be strengthened.

 

Due to the extra strength that these forged metals possess, they can handle more impact than casted metals can take on. This can be extremely important depending on what you’re going to be using your metal products for.

 

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