What Are the Most Common Insulation Materials & Supplies?

December 8, 2020

If you have a nicely working insulation system, you can experience both long-term and short-term benefits. This system protects your budget, personnel, as well as your equipment. First of all, it reduces your energy expenses.

You can heat up a space without spending a ton of money on electricity. Most people do not bother doing it until they actually see the cost of ignoring insulation. Secondly, it maximizes the return on investment if you want to sell a property. Click on this link to read more.

The fun thing about insulation is that everyone wants to have it, but no one wants to get it done in their own properties. If you have a factory, or some personnel working for you, then it can reduce the emissions of pollutants and directly influence the protection and safety of your workers.

In urban areas, it serves as a noise reducer. Apartments that have noise reduction get a hefty price when it is time to sell. Finally, there's also fire protection, which can make sure that all your belongings can be saved even in the case of an emergency. Now that we covered all the benefits, it is time to see the materials and supplies that are responsible for them.


This material was first introduced in 1938, and it is still one of the best-selling insulation materials for any type of property. It does not matter if it is a house, apartment, or a high-tech factory. They all have fiberglass in them.

During the last few decades, this material has proven itself as one of the best ways to make a building more energy efficient. This reduces the amount of energy that is used to heat them up or cool them down.

That effect directly attributes to the owners paying more attention to utility comfort. With the earth's ozone layers diminishing, the entire construction industry has put an accent on green buildings. This material is paving the way since it is completely safe for the environment.

There are two primary forms in which it can be used. The first one is pre-cut rolls or batts, and the second one is to be loose-fitting. It is mainly used in walls or open spaces to amplify acoustic and thermal insulation. It is relatively cheap, but it does so much. It is a much more practical solution when compared to sprayed foam or even cellulose.

Mineral wool

Most people do not interact too much with the insulation systems installed in their houses. When they go to the basement or attic, they may glance at the unfinished walls that are filled with rolls of a material that looks like wool.

In most cases, these parts are hidden with drywall or plywood, and we experience the benefits without knowing about them. Mineral wool can be easily confused with fiberglass because they look pretty much the same. The only difference is that mineral wool is much better in all areas. That makes it a bit more expensive.

The easy way to notice the difference between this material is fiberglass is the higher density and stiffness. It is made by melting volcanic rock at 1600 degrees Celsius, and then the melted rock is infused with oils and resins to make it functional.

Many construction workers love this material because it adds fire protection as well as increased noise reduction. The R-value measures the effectiveness of insulation materials. Mineral wool has a rating of 15, which places it higher than most fiberglass materials, which range between 11 and 12.


Cellulose is made from recycled newspapers, which can constitute anywhere from 80 to 85 percent of the insulation material. It is made by reducing the paper to tiny pieces and then adding solvents to make it fiber-like.

This makes it usable in buildings since it can be packed tightly, and it also restricts airflow. This type of insulation is the oldest, and it can be used in both new and old homes. It is not as effective at soundproofing as mineral wool and fiberglass, but it makes up for it by being low-cost and exceptional at thermal regulation.

This is quite important because if you do not have any thermal insulation, you are essentially blowing away 40 percent of your electricity bill. You can go to https://buildstore.ie/insulation.html to read more. The same thing is true, no matter if you heat up on gas or wood. The best thing about this material is that it does not use any greenhouse gasses as propellants.

It is quite cheap, and it provides resistance to fire, as well as pests and mold. If you feel up for a challenge, you can rent out a machine from a local improvement store and do a DIY project to blow some cellulose insulation in your attic. That is the mark of an experienced homeowner.

What are some natural materials?

Some of the most popular natural alternatives to the ones we mentioned above are hemp, cotton, straw, and sheep's wool. With the legalization of CBD, the hemp plant has gained a lot in its popularity. It is already used in rope making since it has strong fiber properties.

This type of insulation is on the rise, but it is still not as common as the other ones. Straw bales were used more than a century ago, but they are rising in popularity again. Around the 1930s, people figured out how to fuse straw into boards without using any adhesives.

This is how all the old houses were built. With the rise of green planning, this method is gaining momentum since it also has sound-absorbing properties. Cotton insulation is almost completely recycled. When you compare it to cellulose, there is almost no difference.

It is perfect for repelling rodents and insects, and it has great properties as a flame retardant. The only con about these natural alternatives is that they cost around 20 percent more than fiberglass. Depending on your preferences and how you want to structure your home, you can pick one that suits you most. All these materials have undergone a strict testing process, and they have passed the test of time.

Carlos Diaz
I believe in making the impossible possible because there’s no fun in giving up. Travel, design, fashion and current trends in the field of industrial construction are topics that I enjoy writing about.

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