Do Ductless Heat Pumps Work in Cold Weather?

January 20, 2021

Living in a very cold climate makes heating your house a necessity. Technological advances have made it possible to create heat in energy-efficient ways that were not always possible. The biggest change is with heat pumps. One type available is the ductless heat pump, but do they work in extreme weather? The short answer is yes, but today we will see why.

What is a Ductless Heat Pump?

Before discussing if something works for your home, you want to know what it is. The same is true about heat pumps. A ductless pump is a heating style the does not require a duct system in your home. Houses that are heating small rooms or use space heaters commonly select this method. They are an efficient way to provide warmth to individual rooms.

When is it the Best Option?

While this system is ideal in areas where you are heating small spaces, they offer other benefits as well. This heating style is also great for warming walls and the baseboards in your house. When you keep the cold outside complete, a system runs more efficiently throughout. Quality contractors will go through all the different models available on the market and which meet the standards in your location. Specific regulations set by the Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnership and the Department of Energy ensure products sold are trustable.

What Size of System Do You Need?

Each home is unique. Therefore, having an evaluation performed is the ideal way to determine which system you require. A system too large will sufficiently heat your home, but it will cost you more money than needed. However, you need a plan that can handle the harsh weather that winter brings. Go with the agent through your home to ensure all leaks are sealed, and your house is properly insulated.

Maintaining Your Unit

All ductless heat pumps require maintenance to run at optimum levels. Some tasks require a contractor to visit your home, and others are done regularly by you, the homeowner.

Homeowner’s Tasks:

  • Keep debris away from the unit to prevent clogging.
  • Replace filters regularly

HVAC Contractor’s Tasks:

  • Inspect unit seasonally looking for corrosion, leaks, or insulation problems
  • Routinely clean lines and coils.
  • Routinely check operating efficiency.

How to Operate at Maximum Efficiency

An HVAC contractor can only do so much when it comes to giving you a system that efficiently heats your home. When you own a ductless heat pump, you need to do a few things ensuring you are optimizing the device. The first place to start when you have a new installation is to read through the owner’s manual and ask your contractor any questions you have. Beyond that, it is best to operate your home on either heat or cool. It is tempting to use the “auto” setting, but this leads to increases in energy use. Finally, during the evening, adjust the temperature to no more than four degrees cooler than your daytime comfort. Reheating your home is the source of most energy usage.

As you can see, this system will work for homes during the winter, even in extremely cold climates. However, you will handle the mechanics slightly differently. Therefore, it is best to hire a company that can walk you through owning a ductless heat pump.

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