Building your own home can seem like a daunting task. But this isn’t necessarily true. When you’re sure that you have the skills to build your home and you understand the different contractors that you’ll need to bring on board, you’ll realize it’s something you can do.
People choose to build their own homes for different reasons. You can learn more about this here. If you’ve made up your mind to build your own home, here are six key steps to do so:
- Prepare The Construction Site
When you decide to build your own home from scratch, the first thing you need to do is to prepare the site. This involves removing any debris that might be on the site and leveling the ground.
If you need to, alter the topography of the site to ensure that water doesn’t stagnate on the construction site. To do this, you’ll need to get a contractor who has earth-moving equipment. Also, engage a roll-off dumpster to help you with refuse removal during the construction process.
As you prepare the construction site, ensure that you install portable washrooms for use by construction workers. Furthermore, although installing power in the new building will be done at a later stage, consider ordering temporary power utilities from your power company. Then, get an electrician to set up a temporary electrical panel to light up the site in the meantime.
2. Install The Foundation
With the construction site ready, you’ll need to dig foundation trenches as per your house plan. To get this done with speed, you’ll need to engage an evacuation expert to dig trenches that can handle any hindrances, like frost footings.
Ideally, the foundation of your home should rest below the area where you expect the frost line to be. This will keep frost-heaves that are capable of damaging your home away.
In most instances, the dimensions of your foundation trenches will be inspected. Once approved, you can get a contractor to pour concrete in the trenches and construct footing drains to remove water from the footers. Vertical foundation walls should then be constructed on the footings using concrete blocks.
Ensure that your contractor waterproofs the foundation up to the grade level. Holes should be inserted on the foundation wall for the drain line and water supply routing. Since the foundation and the footings consist of the main parts of the house, this means you’ll incur most costs in this stage as soon as the project starts.
3. Build The Rough Frame
This stage involves building the frame or skeleton of the house, which comprises the floor, walls, and roof system installation. It also involves applying sheathing to the exterior walls of the home and then covering those sheathings with protective wrap.
Consider applying oriented strand boards or plywood sheathing on the external walls of the house, the windows, the roof, and any exterior doors in the home. You’ll need to cover the sheathing with a protective barrier, also called house wrap, to keep water from leaking into the building and allow water vapor out. This is important if you want to keep your home free of wood rot and mold.
4. Fix The Plumbing And Electrical Systems
With the shell of your home now done, the next thing to do is roofing and siding. This process can be done as electricians and plumbers fix the plumbing and electrical systems.
Essentially, this step involves the laying of pipes and wires, water supply lines, sewer lines, vents, shower units, bathtubs, ductwork for the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system, and its vent pipes.
Allow your plumber and electrician to run pipes and wires through the inner floors, walls, floors, and ceilings. The water supply, lines, vents, and sewer lines for every fixture should also be installed. Bathtub units need to place where they need to be, too. The HVAC vent pipes can be installed via the roof. Insulation should be installed in the ceilings, walls, and floors.
Once the roof has been fixed, it’s time for the electrician to install outlets for switches, lights, and runs wires. TV cables, telephone, and music systems should also be installed at this point.
5. Insulate The Home Then Conduct Interior And Exterior Finishes
Insulating your home makes it comfortable and balances the indoor climate, making your home more energy-efficient. Pay attention to the thermal performance of the insulation materials that you use in your home.
Insulate all the exterior walls, the attic, and crawl spaces or floors that are placed above unfinished basements. Once this is done, hung and tape your drywall. Complete the texturing, apply the primary paint coat, and conduct the external finishes.
6. Give Your A Perfect Finish
Finally, give your home a great finish by installing the driveway, creating walkways, and installing window sills, cabinets, and fireplace mantles. Apply a final coat of paint in the home. Also, install your preferred floor, countertops, and install bathroom fixtures. Install the mirrors, showerheads, bathroom fixtures, and landscape your exteriors. Consider adding a deck to maximize the potential of your outdoor space and add value to your property. Choose high-quality materials for your deck, such as metal railing systems and durable deck panels, for a long-lasting outdoor space.
Building a home by yourself is much easier when you understand what happens in every step. If this is a project you’re looking to take on, follow the six steps discussed above.