What are cockroaches?
Cockroaches are found in virtually every environment on Earth. They feed primarily on decaying organic matter but are also known for eating just about anything else they can find, including soap, toothpaste, glue, hair, starch in book bindings, dead insects and even human excrement. Cockroaches evolved over 250 million years ago and are some of the most adaptable creatures on Earth.
There are about 4,500 species of cockroaches, but only a few dozen species are considered pests. The two most common species found while pest control for cockroach is the German cockroach and the American cockroach.
What do they look like?
Cockroaches are primarily dark brown or reddish-brown and can grow up to half an inch in length. They have large oval bodies and long spiny legs. Their antennae are used to sense their environment; they also contain organs that detect chemicals and odours nearby and help with navigation.
How do they spread?
Cockroaches can spread through contact with other cockroaches or by hitchhiking on objects or in food. In addition, they are often brought into homes and buildings through sewer lines, drains, pipes and other openings.
What are the health risks?
Cockroaches can contaminate any food with their saliva, faeces and digestive juices, which can cause asthma and other respiratory problems and skin rashes and other infections. They can also spread dangerous bacteria, including E. coli and salmonella.
How do I deal with cockroaches?
There are multiple ways to deal with an infestation, including pesticides and preventative measures. If you want to kill cockroaches in your home, bookstore or other establishments, an insecticide is probably the most common solution.
Which are the best insecticides for killing cockroaches?
Commercial cockroach control products are widely available at hardware stores and pest-control outlets. The most common active ingredient in these products is a pyrethroid, a synthetic chemical that mimics the natural pesticide pyrethrin, which is extracted from the chrysanthemum flower. Some other effective ingredients include:
• Boric acid: A white powder that is poisonous to cockroaches. It is often combined with bait, such as sugar, to make it more attractive to insects.
• Insect growth regulators (IGRs): These chemicals interfere with the cockroaches' ability to mature, eventually killing them.
• Steam: High-pressure jets of steam can kill cockroaches and other pests on contact.
• Diatomaceous earth (DE): This powder made from the fossilized remains of diatoms is both practical and environmentally friendly. It works by lacerating insects' waxy exoskeletons, dehydrating them to death.
What are the alternatives?
Many methods have been used to get rid of cockroaches over the years, including:
• Roach motels: These are small cardboard boxes that contain a toxicant that kills cockroaches. They are usually placed in areas where cockroaches are known to congregate.
• Glue traps: These are sheets of sticky paper or cardboard that trap cockroaches when they walk across them.
• Baiting: Cockroaches are lured to a small amount of bait, which is then poisoned. The most common baits are made from sugar and water or a combination of carbohydrates and proteins.
• Extermination: This involves using chemicals or heat to kill all the cockroaches in an area.
Prevention is always better than cure, and there are several things you can do to help prevent cockroaches from entering your home or establishment:
• Keep your home and surroundings clean and free of clutter.
• Repair wall cracks and holes as soon as possible.
• Repair any damaged sewer lines.
Cockroaches are considered pests because their presence can indicate the existence of infestation. If there is an infestation that you cannot control yourself, it is best to call a professional. They will have the knowledge and tools to deal with the problem safely and effectively.
Remember, cockroaches are not only a nuisance, but they can also be dangerous to your health. They are considered global pests that can spread harmful pathogens through their saliva, droppings and vomit. In addition, many cockroaches have been linked to allergies, asthma and other health issues in adults and children.