U.S. Citizens enjoy a lot of rights and freedoms when within their borders. The primary question has always been if the United States can protect Americans when they are on international travel. According to the United Nations, even though there are several rights granted to a traveler universally, it is challenging for American citizens to enjoy similar privileges outside in the manner they do in America. It is mainly because the laws in the American constitution are meant to be interpreted by the Courts in America and applied domestically within the borders.
However, some U.S. constitutional rights protect Americans traveling overseas. The United States is not vocal about them to avoid conflicting situations with the international community. Therefore, before you travel, it would be best to familiarize yourself with the laws of the foreign country you intend to visit. This way, you will know the limitations and what is expected of you as a foreigner overseas.
The United States may choose to apply their domestic laws overseas in the circumstances involving;
- U.S. citizens abroad
- Foreign citizens who the United States employs in companies or organizations
- When there is a violation of specific laws in a foreign country, the U.S intervenes. Such as civil rights, asset control regulations, drug enforcement laws, and export administration in a foreign country with American citizens at that moment.
What rights do Americans have abroad?
A US citizen is under the protection of the U.S. constitution when within the United States. Lawrina emphasizes that when the person travels, then the legal rights are retained. It means that if their property is either lost or perhaps they are robbed of their belongings when in a foreign country, then it is up to the United States government to bring this person back to America. They could have lost their visa in the process, but it will not matter.
Civil aspects of the International Child Abduction
When an American child has been abducted during international travel, everything else is dropped at the Ambassador's office. American children become the priority of the nation.
The United States offers protection to American children overseas through the international convention. They have established procedures that are meant to safeguard the traveler's interest and their kids. They have set up regulations that ensure that children are safely returned to their states of residence within American borders.
Right to Protection of American Lives and Property overseas.
The United States government has the right to deploy armed forces to offer protection to Americans overseas. Even when the foreign country has refused help on the instability, the United States will take the necessary steps. The U.S. will occupy any land under threat and has Americans residing in it. According to https://www.state.gov/travelers/, the United States government will consider it a moral obligation rather than a legal or military action.
Notification in case of arrest
When a U.S. citizen is arrested abroad, the United States government is informed of the charges. They will act as a watchdog, ensuring that the arrest is decent and warranted before the American is arraigned in court. Federal law advocates that U.S. citizens should be treated equally in foreign countries, just as other citizens. Failure to observe this or any form of mistreatment against American constitutional rights could result in an international incident.
As stated in https://www.usa.gov/americans-abroad, the U.S. Ambassador's office can send a representative to visit the U.S. citizen behind bars. They will make the foreign country officials aware that the detention of the American citizen is under keen observation.
As much as it is a federal law, it is also in the Vienna Convention on Consular relations through international agreements, recognized by the United States. One major hindrance to it has been that the United States Government fails to inform foreign governments when they make arrests of their foreign nationals on many occasions.
The United States is encouraged by other nations to honor and follow the treaty. By doing this, they increase their chances for easier cooperation with a foreign country when an American is incarcerated.
How the United States can help in an emergency
According to https://th.usembassy.gov/u-s-citizen-services/what-we-can-and-cannot-do/, U.S laws protect Americans traveling overseas through the embassies.
The U.S. embassies can help with;
- Lost or stolen passports
- The arrest of a U.S. citizen who commits a crime
- Tracing missing persons and reuniting with next of kin
- Parental child abductions
- Make reports on the death of a U.S. citizen abroad. They will inform the next of kin and offer security to the property in the foreign country until the transfer of assets is done.
- Approving citizenship and making reports of overseas birth for your child
- Accepting official election ballots
- Issue an emergency passport within 72 hours
- Assist with evacuation in an emergency
What the U.S. Embassy Can't Do:
- Trace and locate lost property
- Pay off debts of an American when on an international travel
- Intervene in a court case
- Offer police records of the United States
- Providing information about an American with a foreign country without their consent.
Americans are free to enter and exit the United States as they please as long as they have obtained their passports. If an American cannot show a ticket during entry, then federal laws suggest that they be allowed entry into the United States. The American will be required to take an oath as proof of citizenship. Regardless of where they are, a U.S. Citizen is under the protection of U.S. constitutional rights. However, the traveler should observe local state laws to avoid getting in trouble with the authorities of a foreign country.
It would be best to remember that the U.S. government can ban Americans from traveling to specifically designated countries. The list usually includes states that have shown hostility to the U.S. or have a reputation for human rights violations on their citizens. If U.S. citizens ignore and travel, then international travel will not be protected by U.S. laws. In such international travel, the United States Constitution cannot protect you.