Just like other areas of construction, the oil and gas industry utilizes companies that are known as construction companies. People who work in this type of construction company do things such as repair drilling equipment, set up rigs, build well foundations, and even weld pipelines. They use different equipment and materials to get the job done, and it can be a fairly dangerous job. If you’ve never thought about this type of job and what it entails, you’ve come to the right place. Below are five things that are included in the jobs that oilfield construction companies do.
1. Drilling (Upstream Construction)
This is a job that involves getting oil out of the ground. Workers do this by drilling a hole in the ground to create a well. They have to determine exactly where to drill, which involves clearing it and preparing it for excavation beforehand. They first clear a road to the actual site and sometimes have to level the site with graders and/or bulldozers. The job involves levelling, excavating, digging, and trenching.
2. Site Preparation
Preparing the site is a very detailed job, and in addition to the tasks mentioned above, workers also have to constantly be aware of certain safety hazards. These potential safety hazards include vehicle traffic at the construction site, the impact of inclement weather on the terrain, the safety of both personnel and nearby pedestrians, and even buried cables and pipelines, which could be flammable or filled with toxic materials.
3. Pipelines (Midstream Construction)
These workers basically collect and transport natural gas, refined products, and crude oil. The work is done in different stages, which include constructing the staging areas, clear-cutting the pipeline, excavating and digging the trench, laying the sections of pipe, removing obstacles in the roads, and testing and verifying the integrity of the pipeline itself. It’s a long process but one that’s important if the job is to be done safely.
4. Refinery Plants (Downstream Construction)
The workers involved in this part of an oilfield construction company manufacture, refine, and sell all of the natural gas products that are derived from crude oil. Even after the refinery is built, numerous construction activities are constantly happening. These include everything from building new platform structures to laying new asphalt on the refinery roads, in addition to others.
5. Oilfield Equipment/Services
Also called oilfield service companies, the workers at these companies set up oil and gas wells and therefore help drilling companies in manufacturing, repairing, and maintaining all of the equipment that is used in the extraction of oil. This is perhaps one of the most dangerous jobs related to oilfields, and the workers usually have to have specialized skills that can include plugging wells, pulling out casings, and dismantling rigs, to name a few.
These are also a few of the reasons why it’s so important to find the right construction company when you need help in your oil and gas business. The work can be dangerous, but the right company will have both the right equipment and the right employees to do the job right the first time.