Heating and Cooling System: Types You Must Know

November 12, 2022

Winter is coming, and it's time to ensure your home is prepared for the cold season. That means making sure your heating system is up and running. But what kind of heating system do you have? And how does it work? Today's guide from 24/7 plumbers in Geelong will provide a comprehensive overview of heating and cooling systems so you can prepare for winter. 

Types of Heating Systems

  1. Furnace 

A furnace (typically fueled by gas) forces air via a network of ducts. It circulates warm and conditioned air throughout the house. While furnaces may heat the air with electricity, propane, or oil, most homes use natural gas. Because your air conditioner may use the forced air distribution system (ductwork) during the summer, gas furnaces are the most common heating system.

  1. Boiler 

Another frequent heating system is boilers. To provide warmth, they circulate hot water or steam through pipes. While this allows you to practise zonal heating and cooling, installing and running is substantially more expensive. Because heat is created in a central part of the residence and dispersed throughout the house, furnaces and boilers are referred to as effective heating systems.

  1. Heat Exchanger

According to blocked toilet specialists in Geelong, heat pumps can heat and heat a home. They transmit heat via refrigerant and electricity rather than directly producing it as a gas furnace does. As a result, they are frequently far more efficient than other forms of heating systems. Unfortunately, they are most effective in temperate climes, where temperatures rarely fall below freezing.

  1. Heating Hybrid

A heat pump's energy efficiency combines with a gas furnace's power in hybrid heating. The heat pump will heat and cool your home most of the time. The furnace only turns on at high temperatures. And because you aren't dependent on just one system, you will lessen the substantial load on both systems, decreasing the need for maintenance and replacements.

  1. Heating via Radiation

Radiant heating distributes hot water or electric heat via specific tubes in the floor (and sometimes in the ceiling or walls). Oil, gas, propane, or electricity can all get used to create heat.

While the radiant heating distribution system has a long lifespan, repairs might be costly if a problem emerges. Radiant heat's lifetime gets determined by its heat source system.

  1. Heaters for Baseboards

Baseboard heating, often designated for supplemental or add-on heating, can be an efficient and cost-effective option. When it comes to baseboard heating, you have two options: electric or hydronic. For additional information about baseboard heaters, contact the local HVAC contractor.

Types of Cooling Systems

  1. Central Air Conditioners and Heat Pumps

Heat pumps and central air conditioners chill the entire house—a massive compressor unit outside powers each system's process. An inside coil loaded with refrigerant cools the air transported throughout the home via ducts. Heat pumps work like air conditioners, except the cycle may be reversed and used to heat the house during the winter. Heat pumps are discussed further in the heating section. The experts use the same duct system, a central air conditioner, and a furnace for forced warm-air heating. According to blocked toilet specialists in Geelong, the central air conditioner often uses the furnace fan to deliver air to the ducting.

  1. Room Air Conditioner

Room air conditioners can get installed in windows or through walls, but they all function the same way, with the compressor positioned outside. Room air conditioners chill a single room; thus, several may be necessary to cool a whole house. Individual units are less expensive to purchase than central systems. Only the EER, which is cooling output divided by power consumption, is used to grade room air conditioners. The greater the EER, the better the air conditioner.

  1. Evaporative Coolers

Although evaporative coolers, sometimes known as swamp coolers, are less common than vapour compression (refrigerant) air conditioners, they are a feasible choice in arid areas. They work by pulling in fresh outside air and passing it through moist pads where evaporation cools it. The cooled air gets circulated throughout the house. According to blocked toilet specialists in Geelong, this method is similar to feeling chilly while exiting a swimming pool in the breeze. An evaporative cooler can reduce the outside air temperature by up to 30 degrees.

Because the only mechanical component that utilises power is the fan, they may save up to 75% on cooling expenditures during the summer. Furthermore, because the technology is more straightforward, it can be purchased considerably less than a central air conditioner – frequently for half the price.

A direct evaporative chiller supplies moisture to a home, which may be beneficial in arid conditions. An indirect evaporative cooler gets distinguished by water evaporating on one side of a heat exchanger. House air goes through the heat exchanger's opposite side, which cools but does not pick up moisture. Because humid air is less effective than dry air, both types lose efficacy as humidity increases.

  1. Ductless Mini-Split Air Conditioner

Mini-split systems, widely used in other countries, might be an appealing retrofit alternative for room extensions and houses without ductwork, such as those that use hydronic heat (see the heating section). Mini-splits, like traditional central air conditioners, employ an exterior compressor/condenser and internal air handling equipment. The distinction is that each cooled room or zone has its air handler. Each indoor unit links to the outside unit via a power and refrigerant line conduit. Indoor units are generally wall or ceiling-mounted.

According to plumbers in Geelong, the main benefit of a ductless mini-split is its ability to cool separate rooms or zones. It is simpler to accommodate the diverse comfort demands of different rooms by offering specialised units to each location.

Schedule Your Appointment with Your Local Plumbing

Heating and cooling systems can be complex, but understanding them can be something other than that! With this guide as a starting point, you'll make informed decisions about which HVAC system is suitable for you and your family—and get ready for winter without any stress! So, if you're considering replacing an old furnace or installing a brand new central AC unit, get in touch with our professional 24/7 plumbers in Geelong and let us help you immediately.


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