What Is The Best Way To Repair A Roof?

November 7, 2022

Your roof is often fully exposed to environmental conditions. As a result, it is not uncommon to have leaks, even if you carry out constant maintenance. It can be very annoying to see water stains down your wall or circling on your ceiling. Furthermore, the moisture can lead to mold growth, further deteriorating your home's structural integrity. If not dealt with quickly, the mold can eat away at the wooden part of your roof, leading to bigger leaks and even more capital to repair. To repair a roof, you first need to identify where the leak is coming from. This may take some expertise and some care because you will be working on the ground, and there are dangers of hurting yourself.

How To Identify A Leak

Most of the time, where you see the water stains may not be the actual source of the leak. The best way to trace the source of the leak is to follow the water stain uphill. Since water always follows gravity, water often trickles down from the source to where the stains occur. But there are some obvious ways you can spot a leak, especially if it is a big one.

Curling shingles: the shingles are usually on the exterior of your roof and the first line of defense for your roof against the weather elements. Damage to the shingles can cause serious leaks. The silver lining on roof damage from curling or damaged shingles is that it is easy to spot. You need to inspect your roof from the outside visually, and you can quickly spot the problem area.

Look at roof penetrations: many roofs are fitted with vents and chimneys. The problem is that these fittings penetrate the roof, and there is no continuous connection with the material. In most cases, the roofer will use caulk to tightly fit and hold a vent or a chimney removing any void pockets. However, over time, weather conditions such as rain and wind may weaken the connected parts of your roof, creating room for water penetration.

Wall corners: Wall corners are more susceptible to leaks and easy to spot. However, it is often one of the most difficult leak repair jobs. This is because, in reality, there is no hole on the roof; the water seeps in from the spaces left by the wall, such as next to windows and wall dormers. Most of the time, rainwater is pushed by the wind towards your wall and onto these spaces on your wall. This can be especially difficult to control in the rainy season.

Small Leak Solutions

For smaller, more difficult leaks to find, you can use a hose to spray your roof with water. For this, you will need a partner. One person will spray the roof with water, and the other will locate the leak inside the house. The important thing to remember here is to start low on your roof so that you do not have gravity against you, resulting in wrong results. By starting low on your roof and moving upwards, you will be in a much better position to locate the problem area.

Small leaks can also be caused by nails that missed the roof’s framing. Even the best roofers can miss the wooden roof beam, and even just one nail not fitting perfectly can cause leaks. Since the nail is exposed to both the cold weather conditions outside and warmer, humid temperatures in the house, water vapor collects on the nail overnight. The condensed water on the nail trickles down to your ceiling in the morning or when the outside temperature and your house temperature even out. This may not be a big problem initially, but the moisture effect can be visible through water stains over time.

The irony of this situation is that the very science that leads to this kind of leak is the very thing you can use to detect the leak. At night, when the metallic nail is exposed to the cold weather outside and the warm temperature inside, the collected water on the nail freezes, giving off a shiny reflection. This is what experts call a shiner. The shiner is usually a good indication that the nail is compromised. The solution is usually simple and just needs you to clip the nail, remove it and hammer in a new nail.

Fixing Plumbing Vent Boots

A plumbing boot is often fitted with the vent to reduce the chances of water getting into your roof. The cone shape of the vent boot ensures that water runs off the roof. They are usually made from metal, plastic or a combination of both.

Check the vent boots for any signs of cracks on the cone-shaped part. If there are any cracks, you can use caulk as a quick fix. However, this may not be the best solution. Since vent boots are affordable, a long-term and cheaper option would be to buy a new one.

But sometimes, the vent boot is not damaged, but the holding nails were not fitted in correctly. In this case, you can carefully remove the nails before properly placing the vent boot and nailing it in place again. But today, you can replace the metallic nails holding your vent boot with a rubber washer and plastic screws. Since both plastic and rubber are more flexible, more air holes are removed, reducing the chances of leaking and giving a tighter fit.

Fix Walls And Dormers

As we have mentioned, leaks do not always come from the roof; sometimes, the wind pushes the rainwater to your house, where it seeps in through spaces on the window and is arctic. Your dormer walls create the perfect opportunity for this since there are more exposed than other walls in your house. This type of leak can be very difficult to control since there is no hole for the leak. The best solution is to work with an expert roofer who will be able to reduce and tighten such wall spaces.

Roofs are an integral part of any building. They need to be maintained and repaired as soon as you spot leaks. Delays in the repair can lead to more structural degradation and result in more repair costs. The best way to maintain your roof is by quickly repairing small leaks.

 

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