What elements does the fintech industry consist of?

February 26, 2023

Each of us at least once in our lives heard such a term as fintech. Such technologies allow you to properly organize the execution of financial transactions using modern technologies. But what does this industry generally consist of and what elements make it up?

Now more and more companies want to use fintech in their work. This is a great opportunity to become more competitive in the market and take a step forward towards development. Therefore, if you are looking for a good specialist, we recommend that you familiarize yourself with the rating of fintech development companies.

Opportunities and risks

Fintech is all about dynamism and innovation, a space where key players, distinguished by their flexibility, use new technologies to their advantage, constantly challenging the traditional financial services industry. This undoubtedly offers a solid business opportunity for those in the sector, but at the same time, these technological advances also open up new opportunities for financial crime.

As with any rapidly evolving industry, Fintech presents both opportunities and risks. On one hand, the ability to leverage cutting-edge technology and create innovative solutions can result in significant growth and profitability. Fintech firms have the opportunity to disrupt established financial institutions and create new markets and revenue streams.

However, these opportunities come with risks. As Fintech firms collect and process large amounts of sensitive financial data, they become a prime target for cybercriminals. Additionally, the use of new technologies such as blockchain, cryptocurrency, and artificial intelligence can create new avenues for financial crime, including money laundering and fraud.

Therefore, it is essential for Fintech firms to prioritize robust cybersecurity measures and comply with relevant regulations. By doing so, they can mitigate the risks and fully capitalize on the opportunities presented by this exciting and dynamic industry.

What elements make up fintech?


Many professionals insist that the right technology can be critical when it comes to fighting financial crime. Some of them even classify machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) as "must have tools".

The experts also stress the importance of what they call "explainability", the ability to explain what data is used to reach different conclusions and why the results are reliable when implementing a particular range of technologies and innovations that are transforming the financial services industry. Some of the key elements that make up fintech include:

Mobile banking and payments: Fintech companies are leveraging mobile technology to provide convenient and secure ways for customers to manage their finances and make payments:

  • Blockchain and cryptocurrency: Blockchain technology and cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin are being used to facilitate secure and transparent transactions, as well as to create new financial products and services.
  • Artificial intelligence and machine learning: Fintech companies are using AI and ML to analyze large amounts of data and gain insights into customer behavior, market trends, and potential fraud.
  • Robotic process automation: Fintech companies are using software robots to automate repetitive tasks, such as data entry and customer support, which can save time and reduce errors.
  • Cloud computing: Fintech companies are leveraging the power of cloud computing to store and process vast amounts of data, as well as to provide scalable and cost-effective solutions.


Advanced technology requires reliable and complete data, but fintech companies emphasize that finding a balance is key. After all, requiring too much information can reduce customer service levels, and the lack of it makes fintech vulnerable to financial crime.

Collecting the right data in the right amount and then building a complete risk picture is the key to the great goal of fintech: to combine efficiency, always satisfied customers and protection from financial crime.


Technology and data are critical to combating financial crime threats, but an equally important third element is human knowledge. In general, having the right people for every role and place matters.

The professionals interviewed said that data scientists and engineers are critical to business success and that compliance is now considered "recession resistant" as the qualifications of compliance team members are a priority for companies in the sector.

Survey participants also emphasized that fintech companies should focus on attracting and retaining key employees, but should also consider outsourcing for additional support.


As they grow and develop, effective governance becomes more and more important for fintech companies. The nature of this industry and the rapid growth trajectory that often follows its participants demonstrate that effective AML/CFT processes and good governance deserve the utmost attention.

In addition, fintechs agree that governance models should not be static but should adapt over time.


The efficiency of the sector is maximized by successful and correct steps. This has been made possible by new technologies that now allow fintech companies to integrate certain data points along with behavioral biometrics to help them detect suspicious activity.

For example, some device IDs can already determine if an account was accessed from a new device, and this can be compared to a customer's history. To further improve efficiency, a proactive approach to risk is considered by most successful fintech companies to avoid wasting often scarce resources.

Fintech companies should understand that these trends will remain relevant throughout the year. There is nothing better than a combination of technology, data and human knowledge that not only shapes the sector but ensures better fit and effective governance.

As the industry expands and develops at a dizzying pace, many players are interested in providing an engaging and positive customer experience as well as seamless communication and collaboration. However, they must also maintain tight controls on anti-money laundering processes, which they will need to protect themselves from large-scale illegal activity and ensure regulatory compliance.

Carlos Diaz
I believe in making the impossible possible because there’s no fun in giving up. Travel, design, fashion and current trends in the field of industrial construction are topics that I enjoy writing about.

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