All you need to know about Prostate Enlargement ( Benign prostate enlargement )

March 2, 2023

What is Prostate?

The prostate is a gland that is only found in men. It is located in the pelvis, just below the bladder, and surrounds the urethra, which drains urine from the bladder. Its primary function is to produce semen, which is the milky fluid that transports sperm when a man ejaculates. The prostate also aids in urination control and sexual function. As men age, prostate problems become more common, so it's critical to understand risk factors and take steps toward prevention or early detection. Prostatitis calcification is the most common urinary tract condition in men under the age of 50, and it is the third leading cause of death in men over the age of 50.

About Benign Prostate Enlargement (BPE)

BPE (benign prostate enlargement), also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia, affects roughly half of all men over the age of 50. It is caused by an increase in prostate gland size as a result of extra tissue growth. Urinary symptoms such as difficulty starting urination, frequent need to urinate, a weak urinary stream, and sudden urges to go can result from this.

It can cause complications such as bladder stones and urinary tract infections. Medicine and lifestyle changes such as limiting fluids before bedtime or avoiding caffeine and alcohol are among the treatment options for BPE. Although surgery may be required in some cases, many men are able to manage their condition without it.

While BPE can cause significant discomfort, it is not a life-threatening condition that can be effectively managed with the right treatment and lifestyle changes.

Symptoms of Benign Prostate Enlargement (BPE)

Benign Prostatic Enlargement (BPE) is a common condition in men, affecting up to 50% of men by the age of 60 and up to 90% by the age of 85. It causes the prostate gland to enlarge, which can cause urination problems. Among the symptoms of BPE are:

  1. Urinary frequency - This is often the first symptom of BPE, making it difficult for people to go long periods without urinating.
  2. Urgency when needing to urinate- Some people experience an inability to hold back urine until they reach a toilet or other location where they can relieve themselves.
  3. A weak and slow urinary stream- Because an enlarged prostate puts pressure on the bladder, people may experience a weak and slow urinary stream.
  4. Difficulty starting urination- This is caused by the enlarged prostate obstructing urine flow from the bladder.
  5. Dribbling or leaking at the end of urination - This happens when a person's bladder does not completely empty during urination due to BPE-related blockages.

Causes of Benign Prostate Enlargement (BPE)

Benign Prostate Enlargement (BPE) is a common condition, particularly among men over the age of 40. It can cause a variety of unpleasant symptoms, including difficulty urinating, frequent trips to the bathroom, and weak urine flow. While no single cause of BPE is known, there are four major factors that contribute to it:

  1. Aging: As men age, their prostate gland naturally enlarges due to hormonal changes. This is due to an increase in the production of dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which causes prostate cells to divide faster than usual.
  2. Genetics: Research has shown that having a family history of BPE increases the likelihood of developing the condition. You are more likely to get BPE if your father or other close relatives have had it.
  3. Diet: A high-saturated-fat and processed-food diet may contribute to an enlarged prostate. These foods can cause hormonal imbalances that affect the gland's size and function.
  4. Medications: Certain prescription medications, such as diuretics, corticosteroids, decongestants, heart medication, and antidepressants, can raise one's risk of BPE by altering hormone levels in the body.

Diagnosing Benign Prostate Enlargement (BPE)

A physical examination is typically used to diagnose benign prostate enlargement (BPE), which is then followed by additional testing and imaging studies such as an ultrasound or MRI. Although other urinary symptoms can occur, the most common symptom of BPE is difficulty starting and maintaining a steady stream of urine. Blood tests can be used to detect the presence of BPE by measuring the level of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). In most cases, imaging studies are used to confirm a suspected diagnosis. Depending on the severity of the condition, treatment for BPE may include lifestyle changes, medication, or surgery.

Risk Factors of BPE

The most common risk factors associated with benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) include age, obesity, and a family history of the condition.

  • Age is a major factor in developing BPE as it is more likely to occur in men over 50 years old.
  • Obesity can also increase the risk for this condition due to the added pressure on the prostate gland from excess body weight.
  • Finally, if there is a family history of BPE, then an individual may be at an increased risk of developing this condition as well.
  • Other less common but possible risk factors include smoking, a poor diet, lack of physical activity, and certain medications such as alpha blockers and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors.

How to Prevent BPE

BPE prevention entails limiting exposure to risk factors such as proper hygiene and avoiding contact with infected people. It also entails receiving the necessary vaccinations and taking medications as directed by a doctor. Furthermore, regular screening tests can help detect BPE early and improve treatment outcomes.

Treatment Options for Benign Prostate Enlargement

Treatment options for benign prostate enlargement vary according to the severity of the symptoms and their impact on daily life. Medications such as 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, which can shrink the size of the prostate and reduce urinary difficulties, are common treatments. Alpha-blockers can also be used to relax the urethral muscles and increase urine flow. Furthermore, lifestyle changes such as limiting alcohol consumption and performing pelvic floor exercises can help relieve some symptoms.

There are certain supplements also available online to maintain prostate health such as Fluxactive Complete. You can check out Fluxactive complete reviews to see if it really works or not.


Can an Enlarged Prostate Shrink again?

Yes, an enlarged prostate can shrink again. This is because the prostate gland is highly responsive to levels of testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in the body. When testosterone levels are low and DHT levels are high, the prostate may become enlarged. However, when these hormones return to normal levels, the prostate can shrink back to its normal size.

What Foods aid in Prostate Repair?

Eating a healthy and balanced diet is key for prostate health. Foods that can help repair and maintain the prostate include fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, seeds, fish, lean meats, low-fat dairy products, and plant-based oils.

- What are First Signs of Prostate Problems?

Prostate problems are characterized by difficulty urinating, a weak or interrupted urinary stream, frequent urination (especially at night), and pain or burning during urination.

   - Is Prostate Cancer Painful?

Prostate cancer is not typically painful. However, some prostate cancer treatments, such as radiation therapy and surgery, can be painful. Some of these treatments' side effects may cause pain.


According to the findings of studies on prostate health, one of the most important things men can do to keep their prostate in good shape is to maintain a healthy lifestyle. Eating a well-balanced diet, getting regular physical activity, managing stress, and getting enough sleep are all important factors in promoting overall health and well-being. Men should also schedule regular checkups with their healthcare provider to screen for any prostate-related issues. These precautions can help to ensure that men's prostates remain healthy throughout their lives.

Carlos Diaz
I believe in making the impossible possible because there’s no fun in giving up. Travel, design, fashion and current trends in the field of industrial construction are topics that I enjoy writing about.

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