10 Industrial Essential Guide: Must-Follow Cybersecurity Best Practices

May 30, 2023


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The growing connectivity of industrial systems increases their susceptibility to cyberattacks. To gain illegal access, disrupt operations, and even inflict physical harm, threat actors continually create new tactics and exploit vulnerabilities. Such attacks can have severe effects, including substantial financial losses, lowered security, and a damaged reputation.

A proactive strategy and strong cybersecurity protection are required to counter these threats effectively. Companies in traditionally vulnerable industries, including manufacturing, energy, transportation, and more, have prioritized cyber security.

Protecting industrial environments from dangers and guaranteeing business as usual requires implementing strong cybersecurity best practices.

How Important Is Cybersecurity in the Industrial Sector

Cyber threats have increased dramatically due to the digitization and networking of industrial systems such as SCADA, ICS, and IoT devices. Industrial cyber intrusions can result in operational disruptions, financial losses, and human and environmental safety threats. Hackers, nation-state actors, and hacktivists target energy, manufacturing, transportation, and utilities due to their significant infrastructure and extensive influence.

To ensure industrial reliability, safety, and continuity, these systems must be guarded against unauthorized access, data breaches, sabotage, and other cyber threats.

Cybersecurity in the industrial sector safeguards data, assets, processes, and public safety. Cyberattacks on industrial systems can disrupt or destroy vital infrastructure, such as electricity grids, water treatment facilities, and transportation networks, causing significant economic and social damage.

Companies in the manufacturing sector must develop comprehensive cybersecurity strategies that address network, software, physical, and employee vulnerabilities. By investing in industrial cybersecurity, industrial sectors can increase cyber resilience, maintain consumer and stakeholder trust, comply with regulations, and reduce legal liability. Cybersecurity must be a priority for the industrial sector to safeguard vital infrastructure and society.

10 Must-Follow Cybersecurity Best Practices Guide

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Conduct Regular Risk Assessments

Industrial cybersecurity calls for risk assessments. Comprehensive assessments can identify and evaluate system vulnerabilities and hazards. These analyses evaluate the potential effects of a cyberattack on operations, safety, and the environment. Risk assessments facilitate the prioritization of cybersecurity initiatives and resource allocation. Periodically assessing hazards can prevent security breaches at industrial companies.

Implement a Defense-in-Depth Strategy

Industrial cybersecurity necessitates multiple layers of defense. This strategy employs physical security, network segmentation, firewalls, IDS, and antivirus technologies. This multi-layered approach makes it difficult for intruders to gain access to systems.

Each stratum provides defense, making attacks more difficult. This method increases system resilience, reduces intrusions, and lessens the impact of security breaches on crucial industrial operations.

Secure Remote Access

Businesses require secure remote access. It pertains to remote system connection security. Examples include encryption, robust authentication, and VPNs. Encrypted communications safeguard data transmitted between remote users and industrial systems.

Two-factor authentication (2FA) and multi-factor authentication (MFA) require multiple verification forms before granting access, increasing security. Secure remote access safeguards vital assets, data, and industrial operations from unauthorized access.

Regularly Patch and Update Systems

Businesses in the industrial sector must routinely patch and update their systems for cybersecurity. It involves security updates, software, and firmware across all industrial systems, operating systems, and applications. Patching protects systems from exploits and known vulnerabilities.

Quickly instituting fixes and updates can help organizations combat cyberattacks. System updates are necessary for maintaining security, safeguarding vital infrastructure, and minimizing the impact of security breaches on industrial operations.

Network Segmentation

Network segmentation divides a network into smaller, isolated portions to enhance security and reduce the risk of a cyberattack. Network segmentation prevents adversaries from moving laterally and gaining access to vital systems and data. Firewalls, virtual local area networks (VLANs), and access controls can segment networks.

Network segmentation aids in the containment of vulnerabilities, the reduction of the attack surface, and the management of network traffic. Granular security controls facilitate policy enforcement and network activity monitoring.

Implement Intrusion Detection and Prevention Systems

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Intrusion detection and prevention systems are required for industrial cybersecurity. IDPS solutions monitor real-time network traffic, log files, and system events to detect and prevent malicious activity. These systems identify threats and intrusions using signature-based detection, anomaly detection, and behavioral analysis.

After detection, an IDPS can block malicious traffic or initiate incident response procedures. IDPS enhances network visibility, enabling organizations to proactively detect and mitigate cyber threats, safeguard vital assets, and maintain the integrity and availability of industrial systems.

Conduct Regular Security Awareness Training

Training in security consciousness is essential for industrial cybersecurity. This training enables employees, contractors, and third-party vendors to identify cyber threats and respond appropriately. Training on security awareness covers phishing, secure online behavior, password hygiene, and social engineering.

Employees can be empowered to be the first line of defense against cyberattacks if they are regularly educated on cybersecurity best practices and the evolving threat landscape. Security awareness training reduces human error and enhances cybersecurity, reducing the risk of successful intrusions and enhancing an organization's resistance to evolving cyber threats.

Enable Robust Physical Security

Strong physical security is required for industrial cybersecurity. Physical security prevents unauthorized access to vital infrastructure, control rooms, and data centers. Utilized security measures include access control, video monitoring, security officers, intrusion detection, and physical obstacles.

Secure physical access points to prevent unauthorized entry into critical areas, which could result in cyberattacks or industrial operations. Physical security measures safeguard the physical assets, infrastructure, and equipment of industrial systems from cyberattacks and ensure the availability and integrity of functions.

Develop Business Continuity Plans

Industrial companies need a robust incident response and business continuity plans to mitigate the effects of cyber incidents. Strategies for incident response guide incident detection, containment, investigation, and recovery. They identify roles, responsibilities, and communication channels to respond quickly and effectively.

However, business continuity strategies concentrate on preserving essential operations and minimizing disruptions during and after a cyber attack. They repair critical systems, create alternative procedures, and maintain operations. Organizations can reduce disruptions, financial losses, and cyber disasters by establishing well-defined incident response and business continuity plans.

Collaborate with Security Partners

Working with security partners can enhance the cybersecurity of industrial enterprises. Security partners include industry forums, government organizations, cybersecurity professionals, and information-sharing initiatives. Organizations can learn about new threats, best practices, and cybersecurity technologies by collaborating with these partners.

Cooperative efforts aid in sharing threat information and forming a unified defense force. Industrial system security can be improved with the help of security partners who can spot flaws, offer insights, and patch them. Because of this expanded network of resources, aid, and guidance, even the most complicated industrial cybersecurity challenges may be managed.


There is a growing need to prioritize cyber security in the manufacturing industry. A dedication to cybersecurity and best practices is required to protect operations, data, and assets in today's technologically advanced and networked industrial environments.

The dynamic threat landscape of the modern era necessitates proactive cybersecurity measures to stay clear of potential attackers. Industrial sectors can avoid interruptions, data intrusions, and other cyber events by prioritizing cybersecurity. Incorporate cybersecurity into all aspects of the industrial landscape, from physical infrastructure to employee education. By adopting a holistic approach to cybersecurity, industrial enterprises can protect their assets, maintain stakeholder trust, and help secure and stabilize the industrial sector.


What is the significance of employee training and security awareness programs?

Cybersecurity concerns necessitate employee training and security awareness programs due to human error and carelessness. Phishing attacks, secure navigation, password protection, and incident reporting aid in the reduction of cyberattacks.

How frequently should software updates and patches be applied in industrial environments?

Industrial environments necessitate frequent software updates and upgrades. To prevent exploitation, routinely check for updates and vulnerabilities and deploy vendor patches as soon as they become available.

How can industrial environments stay informed about emerging cybersecurity threats?

Industry associations and forums, cybersecurity organizations and suppliers, security advisories, and information sharing with peers and the government assist in keeping industrial environments informed of emerging threats.

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I believe in making the impossible possible because there’s no fun in giving up. Travel, design, fashion and current trends in the field of industrial construction are topics that I enjoy writing about.

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