Understanding Endometriosis: Signs, Causes & Treatment

May 24, 2023


Endometriosis is a health condition that develops when the cells that line the uterus in other parts of your body outgrow their numbers. It occurs, particularly in the area around your ovaries and uterus. Symptoms like pain, excessive bleeding, bleeding in between periods, and infertility can all result from this. You can suffer from this illness due to several unknown reasons.


. Possible causes for this illness include:

  • Reverse menstruation: Endometrial tissue goes into the fallopian tubes and the abdomen instead of exiting the body during a woman’s period. Endometrial cells stick to the walls of the pelvis and organs, where they grow, thicken, and bleed during each menstrual cycle.
  • Changes in the cells in the peritoneum: Hormones or immune factors may cause peritoneal cells, which line the inside of the belly, to change into cells resembling endometrial cells.
  • Changes in cells from the embryo: Hormones like estrogen during puberty can transform embryonic cells into cell implants resembling endometrium.
  • Surgical scar implantation: Endometrial cells may attach to a surgical incision after surgery, such as a hysterectomy or C-section.
  • Endometrial cell movement:  The blood vessels or tissue fluid (lymphatic) system may transport endometrial cells to other parts of the body.
  • Immune system disease: Some people with endometriosis also have immune system disorders. But doctors aren’t sure whether there’s a link. In such conditions, the body may fail to recognize and eliminate endometrial-like tissue growing outside the uterus.

Discuss your symptoms with your doctor regarding painful menstruation.


There is a chance you will not feel any symptoms. When you have them, they may consist of:

  • Having back pain when on your period
  • painful period cramps
  • discomfort when urinating or pooping, particularly during your period
  • unusual or substantial menstrual bleeding
  • blood in your urine or stools
  • constipation or diarrhea
  • Sexual pain that will not go away
  • Problems to pregnancy

Who is more at risk of getting endometriosis?

Anyone who menstruates can get this illness. You may be at a higher or lower risk of contracting it, depending on many circumstances.

You are more vulnerable if

  • You have endometriosis in your mother, sister, or daughter.
  • Your period began before the age of eleven
  • Your monthly cycles are short (less than 27 days)
  • Your periods are lengthy and heavy, lasting more than seven days.

You are at a reduced risk if

You have previously given birth.

  • Your periods started late in adolescence
  • Your children are breastfed

Stages of endometriosis

According to the extent, depth, and body regions affected by the endometrial tissue, doctors assign points.

The disorder is categorized into one of four stages according to the findings:

  • Stage 1 or minimal: A few tiny implants, wounds, or lesions are present. They could be on the tissue lining your pelvis or abdomen, or they could be on your organs. Scar tissue is scarce to nonexistent.
  • Stage 2 or mild: More implants are present than in stage 1. Additionally, there may be some scar tissue because they are deeper in the tissue.
  • Stage 3 or moderate: There are several deep implants. On one or both ovaries, you might also have little cysts as well as adhesions, which are thick bands of scar tissue.
  • Stage 4, or severe: It is the most common. You have numerous, thick adhesions and deep implants. On either one or both ovaries, there are also sizable cysts.

Why some people experience more severe episodes than others is a mystery to experts. The pain and other symptoms of endometriosis are not specifically present in any of its stages And these symptoms do not get worse with the advancement of the disease. of these. And it only sometimes moves on to the next step. It may continue to be the same over time if left untreated. Or it could get better or worse.

Endometriosis Diagnosis

Based on a woman's symptoms or the results of a physical examination, some doctors may treat suspected endometriosis to see whether it resolves without surgery. Basic or standard ultrasonography can overlook endometriosis signs. To accurately depict the scope and involvement of the illness, imaging with sophisticated pelvic ultrasound and MRI specialized techniques for endometriosis is frequently required.

However, a doctor must do a laparoscopy (a minimally invasive procedure in which a doctor views the abdomen with a camera via the belly button) to see and biopsy potential endometriosis lesions to fully confirm a diagnosis of endometriosis. The appearance of endometriosis lesions can differ.


Endometriosis does not presently have a cure; however, many treatments could help with symptom management. They consist of:

1. Pain Pain management

Drugs can aid in pain management. They include medications to treat painful menstruation as well as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory treatments.

A doctor might prescribe other medications if over-the-counter remedies are ineffective.

2. Hormone therapy

A doctor might advise hormonal birth control options like the Mirena device or birth control tablets. They might advise gonadotropin-releasing hormone in some circumstances.

These might lower estrogen levels and prevent the growth of extra tissue. They cannot, however, boost fertility or dissolve adhesions.

3. Surgery

A doctor might advise surgery to remove extra tissue if other therapies are ineffective. A hysterectomy that also removes both ovaries may be required in some circumstances.

4. Fertility therapy

In-vitro fertilization is also a treatment option if endometriosis has an impact on fertility.


Birth control medicines are useful to stop the development of endometriosis. It is also not recommended to stop using birth control medicines during menstruation. Teenage and early adult women who suffer from endometriosis-related period discomfort may benefit from their use.


The exact triggers of endometriosis are still unknown. It may show symptoms like heavy periods, lower back cramps, and infertility. Several treatment options are available to get relief from its painful symptoms. Talk to your doctor and discuss your symptoms to better understand your condition. You should also inform him about any strange feelings of pain in your lower abdomen.


1. How can you manage endometriosis?

Exercise is the best way to manage this health condition. You can minimize the physical and emotional agony with this strategy.

2. When do the signs of endometriosis start appearing?

The major symptoms might start in early adolescence or develop later in life. They may be constant or cyclical.

3. What other complications may endometriosis bring?

Endometriosis brings several difficulties to its patients. You may go through social, economic, and emotional problems.

Carlos Diaz
I believe in making the impossible possible because there’s no fun in giving up. Travel, design, fashion and current trends in the field of industrial construction are topics that I enjoy writing about.

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