Coding fundamentals that every kid should know

September 20, 2023

With technology's influence in our world, proficiency in coding has become essential. It's no longer just for IT professionals, and it's particularly beneficial for kids. So you might ask, why is coding important for kids?

Coding boosts creativity, strengthens problem-solving abilities, and equips kids for a technology-driven future. It's fair to say that coding is the new literacy of this century. Here's why:

  • Boosts Creativity: Through coding, kids can create their own websites, apps, and games. It allows them to express their creativity.
  • Strengthens Problem Solving: Coding enhances kids' logical thinking. It nurtures their problem-solving and critical thinking skills—a valuable skill in all fields.
  • Equips for the Future: The digital economy is expanding, and so is the demand for coding skills. Even if they don't become programmers, basic coding knowledge is beneficial in various sectors.

Most importantly, coding is enjoyable! Kids find it fascinating to control machines through code and create products from their imagination. Isn't it time we encouraged them to explore coding?

What are Coding Fundamentals?

"Coding fundamentals" describes the basic principles and techniques for instructing a computer. Coding involves giving a series of instructions to a computer in a language it can comprehend.

Coding, much like any other language, has a defined vocabulary and grammar, termed as syntax and commands. Syntax governs the writing of commands so a computer can understand them. Together, they develop our algorithm, a precise guide for problem-solving.

All programming languages, despite their different features, can utilise these basic coding fundamentals. Beginners can learn the logic of coding and develop problem-solving abilities. These fundamentals allow creation of platforms like websites, games, and mobile apps in various programming languages.

Six Coding Fundamentals

A strong foundation in coding for kids is built upon understanding six key concepts. These form the pillars of coding and are as versatile as they are fundamental. Once grasped, these concepts enable kids to manipulate and interact with code across a broad range of languages and platforms. Let's delve into these building blocks:

  • Variables: Essentially, a variable is a placeholder for data that will change. It can represent a number, a character, a piece of text, or even a complex data structure.
  • Statements: Statements are the instructions given to the computer. They make up the backbone of the coded script, dictating what actions the program will take.
  • Loops: Loops are the means through which a set of instructions are repeated until a certain condition is met. They are powerful tools that simplify repetitive tasks.
  • Conditions: A condition is a logical statement that tells the computer to perform different actions based on whether a particular condition is true or false.
  • Functions: Functions are defined as distinct tasks or operations that are often used multiple times within a program. They are the most powerful tool for modularity and reusability in coding.
  • Algorithms: An algorithm is essentially a set of detailed instructions designed to carry out a specific task. These sets of instructions form the building blocks of coding.

By developing a strong foundation in these six coding fundamentals, children are building a solid foundation for more complex coding concepts. These foundations can then easily transfer between different languages and approaches, thus making coding a much more fluent process for the budding app developer.

Why Kids Should Learn Coding Fundamentals

There's excellent reasoning behind the need for children to be proficient in basic coding concepts. Yes, they might not all be future software engineers, but the underlying logic, creativity and problem-solving skills that coding teaches are universally advantageous. Let's discuss why:

Problem Solving 

Firstly, coding is a superb way to fortify problem-solving skills. Coding can be compared to solving a puzzle; you need to work out the correct sequence of instructions to attain a desired outcome. This process requires critical thinking, logical reasoning, and persistence, all of which are essential life skills.

Innovative Thinking 

Next, coding permits children to be creators in an increasingly digital world. It enables them to build apps, design websites, or even construct their custom video games. Learning to code can catalyse the creative process, making innovative thinking a standard part of their cognitive functioning.

Enhancing Academic Performance 

Learning how to code enhances academic performance in subjects such as maths and writing. By understanding, creating, and testing codes, kids become more adept at mathematical reasoning and logical sequence. Similarly, coding demands precise steps and instructions, which helps improve their writing skills.

Future Job Opportunities 

Moreover, coding provides a competitive advantage when entering the job market. Not only does it open doors to tech sectors, but also non-tech industries, as computational thinking is becoming increasingly relevant in various fields. Essentially, understanding code isn't just a neat skill—it's a potential game-changer for their career prospects.

Boosts Confidence 

Finally, coding can significantly boost a child's confidence. When they successfully create a programme or solve a problem through their code, it gives them the sense of achievement and raises their self-esteem. This could inspire them to take on more significant challenges and push their boundaries.


In conclusion, these fundamentals aren't just about cultivating future programmers or software engineers. It's about equipping children with the tools they need to navigate an intricately digital world, develop innovative ideas, and foster fundamental life skills. The benefits of children learning coding truly transcend the boundaries of the screen.


Carlos Diaz
I believe in making the impossible possible because there’s no fun in giving up. Travel, design, fashion and current trends in the field of industrial construction are topics that I enjoy writing about.

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