3 Things You Need to Know About Hydraulic Cylinders

April 15, 2024


Image Source: Unsplash

Hydraulic cylinders are mechanical actuators that provide unidirectional force through a unidirectional stroke. Their source of power is pressurised hydraulic fluid, which, of course, is where they get their name from. If you do not know much about hydraulic cylinders, then read on as we’ll cover the basic stuff you need to know about them and what they are used for.

What are the main components of hydraulic cylinders?

Understanding the components of hydraulic cylinders is vital if you want to understand what they are and what they can do so without further ado, let’s look at the components that make up a hydraulic cylinder below:

Barrel: The body that holds the hydraulic pressure.

Base or Cap: The end of the cylinder which encloses the pressure chamber.

Piston: Separates the pressure zones inside the barrel. It moves back and forth under hydraulic power.

Piston Rod: The rod that extends from the piston; this part moves out of the cylinder and transfers the force to the application.

Rod Gland: Part of the cylinder head that contains seals to prevent leaks.

Seals: Very important for maintaining pressure and preventing leaks of hydraulic fluid.

How do hydraulic cylinders work?

The working principle of a hydraulic cylinder is based on Pascal's law, which states that when there is an increase in pressure at any point in a confined fluid, there is an equal increase in pressure at every other point in the container. When hydraulic fluid is forced into the cylinder, it pushes against the piston, causing it to move and thereby extend the piston rod. This movement can be used to perform work such as lifting heavy loads, crushing materials, or operating complex machinery.

The best hydraulics companies, like SEIGO Machinery Equipment Co., manufacture hydraulic cylinders in a wide range of different shapes and sizes, so that they can be used for a wide range of applications. They can be distinguished by design, type of construction (welded body cylinders, tie-rod cylinders), and function (single-acting cylinders, double-acting cylinders). This adaptability and power make hydraulic cylinders a fundamental component in heavy machinery and systems requiring substantial force.

What are hydraulic cylinders used for?

Hydraulic cylinders are very versatile, which means, surprisingly, that they can be adapted for use in a huge number of applications. For example, one of the most common uses of hydraulic cylinders is in the construction industry, where they are used to power large pieces of machinery and equipment such as excavators, bulldozers and backhoes, which require a lot of power and which make complex movements.

Hydraulic cylinders of the quality produced by SEIGO Machinery Equipment Co. are also often used in the manufacturing sector where they are used to operate presses, assembly lines, and machines that require precise movement and powerful force, such as bending and cutting machines.

Hydraulic cylinders are also used in the marine industry where they might be employed in steering mechanisms, hoists, and hatch covers for ships and boats, and the aerospace industry where are used for control surfaces like flaps and also in landing gear mechanisms.

This is by no means an exhaustive list of their applications, and hydraulic cylinders can also be found in the automatic industry, agricultural equipment, and the energy and entertainment sectors, amongst others.


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