Electronic Components

April 15, 2024

Building electronic circuits requires the use of a wide variety of fundamental electronic components. Without these elements, semiconductor designs are never finished or perform poorly. These parts include integrated circuits, resistors, diodes, and capacitors.

Some elements are sold on circuit boards and comprise at least two terminals. Certain types come in packaged forms, such as integrated circuits combining several semiconductor components.

Here, each of these fundamental electronic parts (ICRFQ) is described briefly; you may access more detailed information on each one by clicking on the links provided. If you want to learn about Electronic Components, stay with us and keep reading!


Switches are among the most fundamental electrical components. They can connect or disconnect the conducting path of an electrical circuit. The switch requires an outside force to modify electrical impulses. Pushing down or flicking a switch allows current to pass through to the remaining portions of the circuit.

Types of switches

  • Toggle
  • Push button
  • Selector



Every electronic component starts with a resistor. Ohms are used to quantify the resistance that a resistor, a passive electrical component, creates in the current flow. Ohm's law V=IR, which specifies this relationship, controls the electrical properties of an ideal resistor. In contrast to the situation where electricity along a resistor is inversely proportional to current, V indicates voltage, I for current, and R for a resistor constant.

Resistors can be hooked up in series or parallel, depending on the specifications. The resistor's value and tolerance are shown by color bands surrounding the component body.


Current flow has been allowed in the simplest method, and a single-direction current flow is blocked by diodes, which are two-terminal electrical components. A diode's anode and cathode are its two terminals. An ideal diode would have unlimited resistance in the opposite direction and no resistance in the initial position.


Motor devices can transform electrical power into mechanical energy. Adjusting the amount of electricity flowing through the coil can change the direction and strength of the magnetic field.

Types of motors

  • DC motor
  • Servo
  • Stepper


This capacitor has two terminals. In an electric field, it is a device that retains electric charge and energy. The electric charge to potential difference ratio on each circuit is the unit of measurement for a capacitor, and it is known as capacitance. A capacitor's capacitance value is measured in farads (F). Within a circuit, capacitors and resistors can be connected in series or parallel.


A semiconductor device called a transistor is frequently used to switch or amplify electrical power and electronic signals.

The source, collector, and base are the three terminals that make up a transistor. In a computer, transistors are crammed into numerous small microchips, yet they can also be found alone in other gadgets.


The bulk charge carrier is largely stored in the emitter.


The collector gathers the majority of the charge carriers that the emitter supplies.


The transistor's center part is called the base. Two circuits are visible on the base:

  • An input circuit with an emitter and
  • An output circuit with a collector.


There are several electrical connections or leads on electronic components. These leads join with other electrical parts, frequently via wire, to form an electronic circuit that performs a specific task (such as an oscillator, radio receiver, or amplifier).

Discrete packaging options for basic electronic components include arrays or networks of similar elements and integration into packages like thick film devices, semiconductor integrated circuits, and hybrid integrated circuits. The breakdown of electronic components above treats these packages as independent components and concentrates on their discrete form.


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